|ambag||Tib.||Breast pocket of chuba, formed by the fold of the front of the chuba over the belt.|
Traditional book is a pile of palm leaves tied
in a bundle.
(Similar books in india are called
Now printed on slabs of orange paper.
Buddha's teachings are wrapped in
orange cloth; the commentaries are in yellow cloth.
Buddha wrote his teachings in a book. It contains the Prajnaparamita. which he gave to the king of the Nagas. Long afterwards the sage Nagarjuna got it from the Nagas. He based his teachings on it, which created the Mahayana school of Buddhism. [ref]
Manjushiri and Sarasvati also have books.
|breath||prana. Also see atman.|
|butter||A staple food of tibet. Used to make ceremonial tormas.|
sacred dances. Peformed by monks, very ritualized,
can be wearing masks.
|chang||Tib.||"beer"||Barley beer of tibet.|
A mixture of
and butter placed in a container as offerings to
deities during festive occasions, especially at
|chuba||Tib.||Robe/dress traditionally worn by tibetan people.|
|dagoba||Skt.||originally dhatugarbha, "womb of objects"||"A repository of relics of the Buddha, around which a stupa, andf later a temple was built, and around which a vihara arose. Also dagarba. Dagoba later became pagoda." [ref]|
|dhama||Tib.||Drum of Ladakh.|
|drogpa||Tib.||A tibetan highlander, an alpine herdsman. Nomad (also drokpa). [ref]|
|dzomo||Tib.||The offspring of a cow and a yak.|
The traditional dwelling of all Mongolian peoples,
as well as other Central Asian and Siberian peoples.
The most commonly known kind is the nomads' ger,
which is used by almost all Central Asian nomads, including
This is a transportable home, made of a wooden framework covered by large pieces of felt, with a central smoke hole. Known in English as a yurt, from the Russion 'yurta'.
|goeku||Tib.||"banner"||A tibetan banner.|
More than two hundred monasteries have been established [in india ?] since the Chinese invasion in 1959.
More than six thousand were destroyed in tibet since that time by the same invasion.
|gönkhang||Tib.||"House of the Protective Divinities"||A special temple reserved for certain rites|
|gorshe||Tib.||A tibetan dance, similar to a quadrille.|
|guthuk||Tib.||A thick soup into which small objects are dropped as good omens. Also, guthuu.|
|hair||The hair of monks and nuns is cut off to symbolize a cutting away from the material, and entering the spiritual, life. [ref]|
|images||"The Buddha himself was not in favor of images of gods, because it would distract the worshippers from the real goal of Buddhism. The Theravada branch of Buddhism has adhered to this principle, so they never show the Buddha in their art. The Mahayana place no such restriction on depicting the Buddha." Images are intended as aids to meditation, as points of mental concentration, not to be worshipped. [ref]|
"The most sacred and revered
|kata||Tib.||White silk scarf used as an offering and symbol of respect. Also, khata.|
|lophud||Tib.||Losar (tibetan new year) offerings of seedlings.|
|khabse||Tib.||Losar (New Year) biscuits.|
A flower which grows in Asia.
It grows in ponds and lakes,
with its roots in the mud, and its
leaves and flower lifted above the water,
so a symbol of purity.
When carried by Brahma, it represents time, i.e., continuous Creation without which the earth would perish.
Buddha and the Bodhisattvas also hold malas symbolizing the chain of samsara. [ref]
the name refers to the syllbles of the mantra
Om mani padme hum,
which is often inscribed on the stones.
Mani stones may be coloured, and vary in size —
some are as big as rocks.
Small mani stones are piled up to form walls called
Mani stones are found in every kind of sacred place,
|mendong||Tib.||Walls of mani stones.|
|padmapitha||Skt.||"lotus throne"||Having a lotus as a throne or pdestal.|
The seated position for
with legs crossed and feet
resting soles-upwards on thighs.
The Buddhas and Bodhisattvas are often represented seated in the lotus position on their lotus thrones.
|pagoda||A Buddhist temple, from dagoba.|
|pustaka||Skt.||"book"||Books in ancient india, all the way into the British period, were written on palm leaves. They were cut into long strips along the line of the fibres and fastened together along the long side The line of writing followed the long side.|
|rugyen||Tib.||Bone ornaments worn by Tantrists during ceremonies, such as at Losar.|
|sengtri||Tib.||"lion throne"||The throne on which all tulkus are tradionally enthroned. [ref]|
A repository for relics.
In the shape of a pyramid or inverted bell,
originally erected in earth, later in sculpted stone.
In Nepal, stupas are where Vairocana resides.
|suna||tib.||A type of flute.|
Relgious painting, on cloth;
or sometimes embroidered.
"A tibetan painted icon on silk or fabric, which can be rolled. It is based on the indian religious art of the Pala dynasty. Deeply interested in indian religious teachings, tibetans scrupulously followed the teachings of indian, and later nepalese, artists. Thanka painting was developed in tibet, in the seventh century, during the reign of Songtsen Gampo." [ ref ]
Also, tanka, thangka.
|thugchen||Tib.||Long horns, blown by monks|
|torma||Tib.||Made of tsampa, either round and white, or triangular and red. Used in rituals. [ ref ]|
|tsampa||Tib.||Barley flour, a staple food in tibet. Also used ceremonially, tossing in the air, and combined with butter in chemar.|
|vina||Skt.||An indian stringed instrument, carried by Saraswati.|