|Ajahn Chah||20th c CE||Thailand||
"an influential teacher of the Buddhadhamma and a founder of two major monasteries in the Thai Forest Tradition."
|Ajahn Sumedho||20th-21st c CE||UK; Thailand||
"a seminal figure in the transmission of the Buddha's teachings to the West."
"Ajahn Sumedho is a prominent figure in the Thai Forest Tradition. His teachings are very direct, practical, simple, and down to earth. In his talks and sermons he stresses the quality of immediate intuitive awareness and the integration of this kind of awareness into daily life. Like most teachers in the Forest Tradition, Ajahn Sumedho tends to avoid intellectual abstractions of the Buddhist teachings and focuses almost exclusively on their practical applications, that is, developing wisdom and compassion in daily life." wikipedia
|Altan Khan||16th c CE||Mongolia||
Mongolian emperor. Under the special priest/patron relationship between Tibet and Mongolia, initiated the institution of Dalai Lamas in Tibet.
|Arjia Gegeen||20th c CE||Mongolia||
Mongolian rinpoche (gegeen) and abbot of Kumbum Monastery in Tibet. He was also a vice-president of the Buddhist Association of China and deputy chairman of the Qinghai People's Political Consultative Conference. One of the most important religious leaders to leave Tibet. On a visit to America in 1998, he decided to stay, much to the chagrin of the Chinese government, who took two years before they finally officially removed him from his post.
Arjia Gegeen now lives in Mill Valley California, from where he teaches Buddhism throughout America. history
|Ashoka||3rd Century BCE||india||
Indian emperor. Also, "Asoka". Erected pillars all over india. A committed buddhist; sent people to Syria and Egypt to teach dharma.
Towards the end of his reign a great Buddhist council was held in Pataliputra (now called Patna).
|Buddhaghoṣa||~400 CE||Sri Lanka||
'Voice of the Buddha' (Buddha+ghosa) in Pali
|Channa||6th c BCE||india||
Charioteer of Gautama the Buddha, when Gautama was a Prince, before his enlightenment. Channa taught Prince Gautama many useful things, and was the person who explained the universal nature of the old, sick, and dead persons, which led Gautama to undertake his life of meditation which led to his enlightenment.
|Chögyam Trungpa ཆོསརྒྱམ་དྲུང་པ་||1939-1987 CE||Tibet, US||
Born in Geje, Nyishu-tza-nga, in Eastern Tibet (Amdo)
Chögyam Trungpa at Wikipedia
|Dalai Lama Vth||17th c CE||Tibet|
|Dalai Lama VIIth||18th c CE||Tibet||
His period is marked by power struggles among Mongols, Ambans, Tibetans, and Chinese. He restores order, establishes the temporal authority of the Dalai Lama, builds the Norbulingka Palace. and establishes the Tse School. [history]
|Dalai Lama XIIIth||19th-20th c CE||Tibet||
Thubten Gyatso, The Thirteenth Dalai Lama.
|Dalai Lama XIVth||20th-21st c CE||tibet, india||
Tenzin Gyatso, "Ocean of Wisdom" - The Fourteenth Dalai Lama.
|Dekyi Tsering||1900-1981 CE||tibet, india|
|Devadatta||6th c BCE||india||
A cousin and lifelong enemy of Gautama the Buddha. He wounded a swan being watched by the Buddha, who refused to give it to him. By this the Buddha formulated the Principle of Property: 'A living being belongs to the one who loves it.'
The name has the same meaning as the Latin
Deodatus - god-given.
|Diana St. Ruth||20th c CE||United States||
Teacher in Western Tradition. Editor of Buddhism Now
|Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche དིལ་མགོ་མཁྱེན་བརྩེ||20th c CE||Bhutan|
|Dzongsar Jamyang Khyentse Rinpoche Khyentse Norbu||21st c CE||Bhutan||
Lama, filmmaker, and writer.
Author of possibly the first-ever Buddhist social media code of conduct: go: article at Patheos.com (new window)"Social media guidelines for so-called Vajrayana students"
His three major films are The Cup (1999), Travellers and Magicians (2003), and Vara: A Blessing (2013). Author of the books What Makes You Not a Buddhist (Shambhala, 2007) and Not for Happiness: A Guide to the So-Called Preliminary Practices (Shambhala, 2012).
Western scholar and writer on Buddhism
Western scholar and writer on Buddhism
|Gampopa སྒམ་པོ་པ or Sonam Rinchen བསོད་ནམས་རིན་ཆེན་||11th c CE||Tibet|
|Gautama||~563 - ~480 BCE||sakya, india, tibet||
The prince who became the Buddha.
Born at Lumbini, near the capital Kapilavastu, as the son of Suddhodana the king of Sakya, and the queen Maya. Left his royal life for a life of solitude and meditation at the age of 29. After six years of asceticism, came to the conclusion that that was not the Way. Determined to remain seated under the bodhi, fig, tree at Bodh Gaya until he reached enlightenment. There he attained enlightenment and perceived the Four Noble Truths. He determined to remain in the world and teach others out of compassion for humanity.
|Gendun Choephel དགེ་འདུན་ཆོས་འཕེལ་||??||tibet, india||
Gendun Choephel at Wikipedia
|(Geshe) Thupten Jinpa||20th c CE||tibet, india||
Translator for the XIVth Dalai Lama.
Translated The World of Tibetan Buddhism.
Thupten Jinpa at Wikipedia
|Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo འཇམ་དབྱངས་མཁྱེན་བརྩེའི་དབང་པོ་||20th c CE||Tibet||
1820 - 1892. Previous incarnation of Khyentse Rinpoche
Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo at Wikipedia
|Jemsa ཕྲུལ་ཆས་ནང་གི་གདོན་འདྲེ། དྲ་ངོས་ གོམ་པ།||2001- CE||US, india, tibet-in-exile||
One of many who brought some teachings of web-building, Open Source, and coding from the West to the tibetan community at Dharamshala, india. His chelas little know how much more he has learned from them.
|Jetsun Pema རྗེ་བཙུན་པདྨ་||1940- CE||tibet, india||
Je-tsun Pema is youngest sister of His Holiness the XIVth Dalai Lama. She has played a major part in the education of refugee Tibetan children, taking over management of the Tibetan Children's Villages after the death of her sister Tsering Dolma.
She grew up in Tibet, was educated in Sikkim and Europe. She has spent her life in Dharamshala serving Tibet. She was first woman minister of the Tibetan government in exile, and was awared the title "Mother of Tibet" by its National Assembly (kashag).
Jetsun pema at Wikipedia
|Kalsang Gyatso བསྐལ་བཟང་རྒྱ་མཚོ་||1708-1757 CE||Tibet||
The VIIth Dalai Lama.
7th Dalai Lama at Wikipedia
|Düsum Khyenpa དུས་གསུམ་མཁྱེན་པ་||1110-1193 CE||Tibet|
|Khion Konchog Gyalpo||11th c CE||Tibet||
|Krishnamurti||1895-1986 CE||india, england, USA||
of self-knowledge through individual effort.
"In 1909, when he was just fourteen,
was proclaimed the world teacher-to-be in whom
The proclamation was made by Annie Besant,
then president of the Theosophical Society,
a movement that combined Western occult philosophy
with Buddhist and Hindu teachings.
Besant trained Krishnamurti in his role as the
chosen one, but twenty years later he chose to
disband the order he was the head of and set
out alone on his endless journey."
Krishnamurti at Wikipedia
|Kublai Khan||13th c CE||Mongol Empire|
|Kumarajiva||344 - 413 CE||Xinjiang|
|Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche||1901-1981 CE||Tibet||
Third Trijang Rinpoche at Wikipedia
|Langri Thangpa གླང་རི་ཐང་པ།||1054-1123 CE||Tibet||
Langri Tanpa at Wikipedia
|Lhamo Thondup||20th c CE||Tibet|
|Lha-tho Tho-Ri Nyen-Tsen||~ 1000 CE||Tibet||
A king of Tibet. Introduced Buddhism into Tibet.
|(Lama) Lobsang Thamcho Nyima||20 c CE||tibet, india||
"was born in the small village of Shiwa, Ngabha, in Amdo province of Tibet. He entered a Bonpo monastery at the age of eleven, but was soon recognized as a 'tulku' of the Gelugpa tradition and moved to Archok Monastery, where he started his formal education in buddhism. Later he moved to Lobrfang Monastery for studying Tibetan Medicine. At the age of seventeen, Lobsang Thamcho Nyima came to india, to continue his studies in Gaden Monastery in south india. In 1996 he came to Dharamshala with the aim of spreading his tantric knkowledge of Tibetan Medicine, through teaching it to students from around the world."
|Lozang Chosgyan||16th c CE||Tibet||Of Tashilhunpo. Taught Yonten Gyatso, the fourth Dalai Lama, at Drepung. Was recognized as the first Panchen Lama. His reincarnations inherited this title.|
|Matthieu Ricard||1946- CE||U.S., Nepal||
Buddhist monk, orginally from France. Student of Khyentse Rinpoche, personal assistant for the last 14 years of his life, and wrote a biography of him. Has translated and edited numerous books on Tibetan Buddhism, also was a biologist and photographer among other skills. As of 1996, had been a monk for 18 years, and lives in Nepal at Shechen Monastery.
Matthieu Ricard at Wikipedia
"Marpa the Translator",
"Marpa the Adept".
His biography was written by Tsang Nyön.
Marpa Lotsawa at Wikipedia
Māyā means "love" in Sanskrit.
Māyā is also called Mahāmāyā ("Great Māyā") and Māyādevī ("Queen Māyā"). Tib. Gyutrulma Jap. Maya-fujin (摩耶夫人) Jap. Maya-fujin (摩耶夫人)
|died 563 BCE||Sakya||
Maya (mother of the Buddha) at Wikipedia
|Milarepa རྗེ་བཙུན་མི་ལ་རས་པ་||c. 1052-c. 1135 CE||Tibet||
One of Tibet's most famous yogis, poets, and Buddhist teachers. A student of Marpa Lotsawa (Marpa the Translator), and a major figure in the history of the Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism. His biography was written by Tsang Nyön.
Milarepa at Wikipedia
|c. 150 CE-c. 250 CE||india, tibet||
Indian scholar; brought Buddhist teachings to Tibet.
Along with his disciple Āryadeva, he is considered to be the founder of the Madhyamaka school of Mahāyāna Buddhism.
Nagarjuna at Wikipedia
|Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso ངག་དབང་བློ་བཟང་རྒྱ་མཚོ་||1617-1682 CE||Tibet||
5th Dalai Lama at Wikipedia
|(Acharya) Nyima Tsering||1963-2011 CE||india|
|Orgyen Trinley Dorje ཨོ་རྒྱན་འཕྲིན་ལས་རྡོ་རྗེ། XVIIth Karmapa Lama||20th c CE||Tibet||
His position is also called Gyalwa Karmapa.
|Padmasambhava "Lotus-born" Guru Rinpoche||8th c CE||Oḍḍiyāna, Tibet||
He was invited to restore Buddhism in Tibet by
Padmasambhava at Wikipedia
Zapatrul Ugyen Jigme Choekyi Wangdue
Patrul Rinpoche at Wikipedia
|Panchen Lama IX||CE||Tibet||
Abducted by Chinese authorities in 1995 at the age of 5, and a puppet panchen put in his place.
|Pema Chödrön||20th-21st c CE||Canada, United States||
An excellent summary of Pema Chodron's life and work is at LionsRoar.com
Pema Chodron at wikipedia
|Rahula||6th c BCE||india|
|Sakya Pandit||13 c CE, d. 1251||Tibet|
Author of the Bodhicaryavatara.
|Songtsen Gampo||617 - 650 CE||Tibet||
The greatest among Tibetan kings. A great conqueror, able administrator, and reformer. Set down the ten moral principles and sixteen rules for the conduct of the people. Sent his minister to india to learn Sanskrit, for the purpose of developing a Tibetan script.
Won many battles with neighboring countries,
organized districts in the kingdom,
appointed ministers to advise him.
|Suddhodana||6th c BCE||sakya, nepal|
|Tenzin Choegyal||20th c CE||tibet, india tibetan - gelug||
Youngest brother of the XIVth Dalai Lama, and reincarnation of Ngari Rinpoche.
|Thích Nhất Hạnh||20th-21st c CE||vietnam, france zen||
An excellent summary of Thích Nhất Hạnh's life and work is at LionsRoar.com
|Thogme Zangpo ཐོམག་མེ་ཟང་པོ་||...||tibet tibetan||
Teacher; author of The Thirty-Seven Practices རྒྱལ་སྲས་ལག་ལེན་སོ་བདུན་མ༎
|Thubten Jigme Norbu||20th c CE||tibet, india tibetan - gelug||
Oldest brother of the XIVth Dalai Lama, and reincarnation of Takster Rinpoche.
|Trisong Detsen ཁྲི་སྲོང་ལྡེ་བཙན་||755-794 CE||tibet||
A great king of Tibet. Important to the history of Tibetan Buddhism as one of the three "Dharma Kings" (Tibetan: chosgyal) who established Buddhism in Tibet. The other two Dharma Kings were Songtsän Gampo and Ralpacan.
Trisong Detsen at Wikipedia
|Tsang Nyön||1452-1507 CE||tibet Tibetan|
|Tsering Dolma||1920-1964 CE||tibet, india tibetan - gelug||
Oldest sister of
the XIVth Dalai Lama.
She played a major part in the education of
refugee Tibetan children, eventually founding
and managing the Tibetan Children's Villages (TCV)
management of TCV was taken over
by her youngest sister
"The Man from Onion Valley"
|1357-1419 CE||amdo tibetan - gelug|
|Tulku Thondup||1939-present CE||tibet tibetan - nyingma||
Author of several books on healing and Tibetan Buddhism. One is The Healing Poer of Mind, 1996
|Yasodhara||6th c BCE||sakya, nepal||
Yasodharā at Wikipedia