Altan Khan Arjia Gegeen Ashoka Buddhaghosa Channa Chogyam Trungpa Dalai Lama Vth Dalai Lama VIIth Dalai Lama XIIIth Dalai Lama XIVth Dekyi Tsering Devadatta Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche Dombhipa Edward Conze Evans-Wentz Gampopa Gautama Gendun Choephel Geshe Thupten Jinpa Guru Rinpoche Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo Jemsa Je-tsun Pema Kalsang Gyatso Karma Khion Konchog Gyalpo Krishnamurti Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche (Geshe) Langri Thangpa Lhamo Thondup Lha-tho Tho-Ri Nyen-Tsen Lobsang Thamcho Nyima Lobsang Tragpa Lozang Chosgyan Manchu Emperor Marpa Maya Milarepa Nagarjuna Naropa Ngawang Lozong Gyatso Orgyen Trodul (Karmapa) Padmasambhava Paltrul Rahula Sakya Pandit Santideva Songtsen Gampo Suddhodana Tenzin Choegyal Tenzin Gyatso Thubten Gyatso Thubten Jigme Norbu Trisong Detsen Tsang Nyön Tsering Dolma Tsongkhapa Yasodhara
|Altan Khan||16th c. CE||Mongolia||Mongolian emperor. Under the special priest/patron relationship between Tibet and Mongolia, initiated the institution of Dalai Lamas in Tibet. Appointed the Third Dalai Lama, and retroactively the First and Second.|
|Arjia Gegeen||20th c. CE||Mongolia||Mongolian rinpoche (gegeen) and abbot of Kumbum Monastery in Tibet. He was also a vice-president of the Buddhist Association of China and deputy chairman of the Qinghai People's Political Consultative Conference. One of the most important religious leaders to leave Tibet. On a visit to America in 1998, he decided to stay, much to the chagrin of the Chinese government, who took two years before they finally officially removed him from his post. Arjia Gegeen now lives in Mill Valley California, from where he teaches Buddhism through America. history|
|Ashoka||3rd Century BCE||India||
Erected pillars all over India.
A committed buddhist; sent people to Syria and Egypt
Towards the end of his reign a great Buddhist council was held in Pataliputra (now called Patna).
|Buddhaghosa||~400 CD||Sri Lanka||Buddhist scholar who compiled the Theravada in Pali from scattered older traditions.|
|Channa||6th c. BC||India||Charioteer of Gautama the Buddha, when Gautama was a Prince, before his enlightenment. Channa taught Prince Gautama many useful things, and was the person who explained the universal nature of the old, sick, and dead persons, which led Gautama to undertake his life of meditation which led to his enlightenment.|
|Chögyam Trungpa||1939-1987 CE||Tibet, US||
Born in Geje, Nyishu-tza-nga, in Eastern Tibet (Amdo)
|Dalai Lama Vth||17th c. CE||Tibet||The Vth Dalai Lama, Ngawang Lozong Gyatso, "The Great Fifth" History: |
|Dalai Lama VIIth||18th c. CE||Tibet||
His period is marked by power struggles among Mongols, Ambans, Tibetans, and Chinese. He restores order, establishes the temporal authority of the Dalai Lama, builds the Norbulingka Palace. and establishes the Tse School. History: 
|Dalai Lama XIIIth||19th c. CE||Tibet||
|Dalai Lama XIVth||20th c. CE||Tibet, India||
History:    
|Dekyi Tsering||1900-1981 CE||Tibet, India||Mother of His Holiness the XIVth Dalai Lama. She was of farmer family. Raised 11 children in Tibet and escaped to India with her son the Dalai Lama, and her daughter Tsering Dolma.|
|Devadatta||6th c. BC||India||
A cousin and lifelong enemy of
He wounded a swan being watched by
the Buddha, who refused to give it to him.
By this the Buddha formulated the Principle of Property:
'A living being belongs to the one who loves it.'
The name has the same meaning as the Latin Deodatus - god-given.
|Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche||20th c. CE||Bhutan||
Incarnation of 19th c.
Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo.
b. 1910 in Kham, 'as fourth son of the Dilgo family, which traced its descent from the great ninth-century king of Tibet, Trisong Detsen.'
Principal instructor in Nyingma to His Holiness the XIVth Dalai Lama
A great Buddhist
|Edward Conze||??||??||Western scholar and writer on Buddhism|
|Evans-Wentz||??||??||Western scholar and writer on Buddhism|
|Gampopa||11th c. CE||Tibet||Founded the monastic tradition of the Ka-gyü school. A pupil of Milarepa. Wrote the classical work, The Ornament of Precious Liberation, which is still a leading manual of this school.|
|Gautama||~563 - ~480 BC||India, Tibet||
The prince who became the Buddha.
Born at Lumbini, near the capital Kapilavastu, as the son of Suddhodana the king of Sakya, and the queen Maya. Left his royal life for a life of solitude and meditation at the age of 29. After six years of asceticism, came to the conclusion that that was not the Way. Determined to remain seated under the bodhi, fig, tree at Bodh Gaya until he reached enlightenment. There he attained enlightenment and perceived the Four Noble Truths. He determined to remain in the world and teach others out of compassion for humanity.
He first walked to Varanasi where he preached his first sermon in the deer-park Isipatana at Sarnath. He then wandered all over north-central India with his followers, teaching.
He entered Paranirvana at the age of 80, at ???.
Praise-names are Sakyamuni, Siddartha, Tathagata, Dharmaketu.
Also Gautama Buddha, Gotama.
|Gendun Choephel||??||Tibet||Amdo nyönpa - crazy monk. Also lived in Kalimpong. Criticized Buddhism and government in Tibet, and said that Sri Lanka had the true Buddhism.|
|(Geshe) Thupten Jinpa||20th c. CE||Tibet, India||Translator for the XIVth Dalai Lama. Translated The World of Tibetan Buddhism.|
|Guru Rinpoche||8th c. BCE||Tibet, India||Padmasambhava|
|Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo||20th c. CE||Tibet||1820 - 1892. Previous incarnation of Khyentse Rinpoche|
|Jemsa||2001 CE||United States||Brought the teachings of web-building, Open Source and Perl from the West to the Tibetan community at Dharamsala, India. His chelas little know how much more he has learned from them.|
|Je-tsun Pema||1940- CE||Tibet, India||
Je-tsun Pema is youngest sister of
His Holiness the XIVth Dalai Lama.
She has played a major part in the education of
refugee Tibetan children, taking over management
of the Tibetan Children's Villages after the
of her sister
She grew up in Tibet, was educated in Sikkim and Europe. She has spent her life in Dharamsala serving Tibet. She was first woman minister of the Tibetan government in exile, and was awared the title "Mother of Tibet" by its National Assembly (kashag).
|Kalsang Gyatso||18th c. CE||Tibet||The VIIth Dalai Lama.|
|Karma||??||Tibet||The founder of the Karma-ka-gyu, or kagyud, school of Buddhism. (?)|
|Khion Konchog Gyalpo||11th c. CE||Tibet||
|Krishnamurti||1895-1986 CE||India, England, USA||
of self-knowledge through individual effort.
"In 1909, when he was just fourteen,
was proclaimed the world teacher-to-be in whom
The proclamation was made by Annie Besant,
then president of the Theosophical Society,
a movement that combined Western occult philosophy
with Buddhist and Hindu teachings.
Besant trained Krishnamurti in his role as the
chosen one, but twenty years later he chose to
disband the order he was the head of and set
out alone on his endless journey."
|Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche||20th c. CE||Tibet||
Junior Tutor to
His Holiness the XIVth Dalai Lama
Gave His Holiness transmission and teachings of the Eight Verses for Training the Mind
|(Geshe) Langri Thangpa||??||Tibet||
Composer of Eight Verses for Training the Mind
|Lhamo Thondup||20th c CE||Tibet||Previous name of Tenzin Gyatso, The XIVth Dalai Lama.|
|Lha-tho Tho-Ri Nyen-Tsen||~ 1000 CE||Tibet||King of Tibet. Introduced Buddhism into Tibet.|
|(Lama) Lobsang Thamcho Nyima||20 c. CE||Tibet, India||
"was born in the small village of Shiwa, Ngabha, in
He entered a Bonpo
at the age of eleven,
but was soon recognized as a
tradition and moved to Archok Monastery,
where he started his formal education in
Later he moved to
At the age of seventeen, Lobsang Thamcho Nyima
to continue his studies in
in South India.
In 1996 he came to
with the aim of spreading his
knkowledge of Tibetan Medicine,
through teaching it to students from around
|Lobsang Tragpa||15 c. CE||Tibet||Surnamed Tsong Khapa.|
|Lozang Chosgyan||16th c. CE||Tibet||Of Tashilhunpo. Taught Yonten Gyatso, the fourth Dalai Lama, at Drepung. Was recognized as the first Panchen Lama. His reincarnations inherited this title.|
|Manchu Emperor||China||Seen as the reincarnation of Manjushri, Buddha of wisdom,|
|Mattieu Ricard||20th c. CE||U.S., Nepal||Buddhist monk, orginally from France. Student of Khyentse Rinpoche, personal assistant for the last 14 years of his life, and wrote a biography of him. Has translated and edited numerous books on Tibetan Buddhism, also was a biologist and photographer among other skills. As of 1996, had been a monk for 18 years, and lives in Nepal at Shechen Monastery.|
|Marpa||11th c. CE||Tibet||
"Marpa the Translator",
"Marpa the Adept".
Brings Indian Buddhist teachings to Tibet. Introduced the basic teaching of the Kagyu school.
Made three difficult journeys into India from Tibet to study with Naropa and other Indian buddhist gurus and bring teachings back to Tibet. Also translated the teachings to Tibetan from Sanskrit. One of the leading scholars of the New Translation Period. One of his chief disciples was Milarepa.
His biography was written by Tsang Nyön.
|Maya||6th c. BC||Tibet||Wife of Suddhodana the king of Sakya, and mother of Gautama the Buddha, whom she bore in Lumbini.|
|Milarepa||c. 1052-c. 1135 CE||Tibet||One of Tibet's most famous yogis, poets, and Buddhist teachers. A student of Marpa Lotsawa (Marpa the Translator), and a major figure in the history of the Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism. His biography was written by Tsang Nyön.|
|Nagarjuna||6th c. BCE (?)||India||Indian scholar; brought buddhist teachings to Tibet.|
|Ngawang Lozong Gyatso||19th c. CE||Tibeet||The "Great Fifth", Vth Dalai Lama of Tibet.|
|Orgyen Trodul Thinley Dorje, the XVIIth Karmapa Lama||20th c. CE||Tibet||
head of the
He escaped from Tibet in
and came to the
in India, where he now lives.
His position is also called Gyalwa Karmapa.
|Padmasambhava||8th c. BCE||India||
Indian scholar, also known as
He was invited to restore Buddhism in Tibet by
The Nyingmapa school of Tibetan Buddhism was based on these earliest teachings.
"He was born in Uddiyana, in the north of India. Introduced Buddhism to Tibet by subduing local rebels. He also helped to build Samye, the first Buddhist monastery in Tibet."
The lake Tso Pema in northern India is sacred to him.
Author of the Bardo Thödol (Tibetan Book of the Dead).
Considered the guardian of Tibet, and deity of wordly action. Tamed the eight hostile demons, Dharmapalas, who became the fiery defenders of Dharma.
One of the most common illustrations of him is a triptych which symbolizes the Three Vehicles, of which he is a personification of Tantrayana, the vehicle using worldly things as means to enlightenment.
|Paltrul||??||Tibet||Zapatrul Ugyen Jigme Choekyi Wangdue, author of Words of my Perfect Teacher.|
|Rahula||6th c. BC||India||Son of Gautama the Buddha, when Gautama was a Prince, before his enlightenment. Joined the Buddha when he came back to Kapilavastu.|
|Sakya Pandit||13 c. CE, d. 1251||Tibet||Leader of the Sakya sect; became the religious tutor of the Mongol emperors. In exchange was given poltical rule over Tibet while acknowledging China's (i.e., Mongols') authority.|
|Santideva||??||Tibet||Author of the Bodhicaryavatara.|
|Songtsen Gampo||617 - 650 CE||Tibet||
The greatest among Tibetan kings.
A great conqueror, able administrator, and reformer.
Set down the ten moral pricniples and sixteen rules
for the conduct of the people.
Sent his minister to India to learn Sanskrit,
for the purpose of developing a
Married Bhrikuti, daughter of Amsuvarman,
the Nepalese ruler.
was built to house the
Won many battles with neighboring countries,
organized districts in the kingdom,
appointed ministers to advise him.
|Suddhodana||6th c. BC||Tibet||The king of Sakya. Husband of Maya, and father of Gautama the Buddha.|
|Tenzin Choegyal||20th c. CE||Tibet, India||Youngest brother of the XIVth Dalai Lama, and reincarnation of Ngari Rinpoche.|
|Tenzin Gyatso||20th c. CE||Tibet, India||"Ocean of Wisdom" - The XIVth Dalai Lama. His full formal name is Je-tsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshi Tenzin Gyatos.|
|Thogme Zangpo ཐོམག་མེ་ཟང་པོ་||...||Tibet||Teacher; author of The Thirty-Seven Practices རྒྱལ་སྲས་ལག་ལེན་སོ་བདུན་མ༎|
|Thubten Gyatso||19th c. CE||Tibet, India||The XIIIth Dalai Lama.|
|Thubten Jigme Norbu||20th c. CE||Tibet, India||Oldest brother of the XIVth Dalai Lama, and reincarnation of Takster Rinpoche.|
|Trisong Detsen||9th c. CE||Tibet||A great king of Tibet.|
|Tsang Nyön||14th c. CE||Tibet||A famous nyonpa. Wrote biographies "The Life of Marpa the Translator" and another for Milarepa|
|Tsering Dolma||1920-1964 CE||Tibet, India||
Oldest sister of
His Holiness the XIVth Dalai Lama.
She played a major part in the education of
refugee Tibetan children, eventually founding
and managing the Tibetan Children's Villages (TCV)
management of TCV was taken over
by her youngest sister
She grew up in Tibet and escaped to India with her brother the Dalai Lama, and her mother Dekyi Tsering.
|Tsongkhapa||15th c. CE||Tibet||
|Yasodhara||6th c. BC||India||Wife of Gautama the Buddha, when Gautama was a Prince, before his enlightenment.|